Evolution is the process that shapes the extraordinary adaptations that enable organisms to occupy all the diverse habitats and niches on Earth. The research in genetics and evolution aims to understand the ecological drivers and evolutionary processes that shape all life – from the origin of species to the mechanisms that enable adaptation to their specific environments. This research is very important for the understanding of the distribution and conservation of species.
The evolutionary mechanisms that drive diversification and adaptation to different environments – from oceans to deserts – are based on interactions between the specific environment and the genetic diversity of species. The research of evolutionary processes is central for understanding and confronting current global challenges such as the biodiversity crises, food supply, disease outbreaks and antibiotic resistance.